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Chiropractic Research Review

Smokers Put Their Spouses at Risk for Stroke

So-called passive smoking, secondhand smoke, or exposure to environmental tobacco smoke is a well-documented public health problem and a highly controversial social and political issue. The chemical composition of the smoke inhaled by passive smokers is not identical to that inhaled by active smokers, but the toxic and carcinogenic effects are similar.

There is an acrimonious debate between smokers demanding their right to smoke in social and work situations and nonsmokers calling for laws protecting them from the proven ill effects of tobacco smoke produced by others.

This study examined the association between ischemic stroke and smoking, concentrating on the situation in which passive smoking is the most difficult to control: smoking by close family relatives in the confines of shared environments.

The results showed that among 452 hospitalized cases of first-episode ischemic stroke, the risk of stroke was twice as high for subjects whose spouses smoked than for those who were the spouses of nonsmokers

Conclusion: "These findings provide evidence that spousal smoking may be a significant risk factor for ischemic stroke."

You RX, Thrift AG, McNeil JJ, et al. Ischemic stroke risk and passive exposure to spouses' cigarette smoking. American Journal of Public Health, Apr. 1999;89(4), pp572-75.

Chiropractic Research Review

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