Spinal Cord Abnormalities Linked to Idiopathic Scoliosis
Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging was performed on 45 consecutive patients diagnosed with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, to rule out underlying pathologic abnormalities of the brain and spinal cord.
Two of 45 patients were found to have abnormal findings on magnetic resonance imaging. One patient had a cervical cord syrinx from C4-T2 with an Arnold-Chiari malformation; the other patient had a syrinx from C6-C7.
This study reports a higher-than-expected frequency of spinal cord abnormalities in patients with the preoperative diagnosis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Maiocco B, Deeney VF, Coulon R, Parks PF. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and the presence of spinal cord abnormalities. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging analysis. Spine
, Nov. 1997;22(21), pp2537-41.