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Dynamic Chiropractic – October 19, 1998, Vol. 16, Issue 22
Dynamic Chiropractic
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Dynamic Chiropractic

Subluxation Synonyms and Metaphors

By P. L. Rome

The following 329 terms either relate to, are synonyms for, or have been used or cited in connection with describing a subluxation or aspects of a VSC. The use has been in chiropractic, medical and osteopathic papers. There are in fact 371 terms, including the 42 on the sacroiliac list.

Aberrant motion
(Ab)normal articular sensory input
Abnormal dysfunction
Abnormal fixation
Abnormal instantaneous axis of rotation
Abnormal mechanics
Abnormal motion or position
Abnormal muscle function
Abnormal nervous system function
Abnormal spinal function
Altered intervertebral mechanics
Altered joint structure and function
Altered nociceptive and proprioceptive input
Altered regional mechanics
Abnormal function
(Ab)normal joint mechanics
Abnormal joint motion
Abnormal motion or position
Abnormal muscle function
Abnormalities of range of motion or coupling
Abnormal nervous system function
(Ab)normal regional sympathetic tone
Abnormal restrictive barrier in or around joints
Abnormal spinal function
(Ab)normal structural relationship
Acute joint locking
Acute locking
Adverse mechanical tension of the nervous system
Altered alignment
Altered joint motion
Altered nervous system movement
Altered physiological function
Apophyseal subluxation
Arthron (extremity joint subluxation -- see also "vertebron")
Articular derangement
Articular dyskinesia
Articular juxtaposition
Biomechanical distortion
Biomechanical impropriety
Biomechanical insult
Biomechanical stress
Bony displacement
Bony maladjustment
Bony lesion
Cervical joint dysfunction
Changes of the dynamic segment
"Changes of thoracic segments"
Chiropractic lesion
Compensatory structural subluxations
Comprehensive lesion
" ... compromise proper function"
Deconditioned syndromes
Deviation of the bodies
Errors of static or motor mechanics
Facet joint syndrome
Facet synovial impingement
Facilitated spinal system
Facilitated subluxation*
Functional pathology
Functional subluxation*
Chiropractic subluxation
Chiropractic subluxation complex
Comprehensive lesion
" ... compromise proper function."
Delayed instability
Deformation behaviour
Degenerative dynamic segment
Derangement of the opposing joint surfaces
Discoradicular conflict
Disorder of the disc
Disrelationship of the facets
Disturbance in the mechanico-dynamics
"(vertebrae) ... don't move enough, or they move too much."
Dynamic forceps
Dynamic segment
Dysarthric lesion
Dysfunctional joint
Dysfunctional segments
Engagement of the spinal segment in a pathologic reflex chain
Erratic movement of spinal articulations
Excursion (Conley) = ("Wandering from the usual path." -- Taber's)
Facet imbrication
Facet joint dysfunction
Facet syndrome
Facilitated segment
Facilitative lesion
Fanning of interspinous space
Fixed vertebra
Focal tenderness
" ... force other joints to move too much."
Functional block
"(subluxations) ... force other joints to move too much."
Functional compromise
Functional deficit
Functional defects
Functional derangement
Functional and structural changes in the three joint complex
Functional disturbance
Functional impairments of motion
Functional spinal lesion
Functional subluxation*
Gravitational (im)balance of joints (with) reduced chronic, asymmetrical forces
Harmful dysfunction of the neuromusculoskeletal system
Hyperaemic subluxation
Hyperanteflexion sprain
Hypokinetic aberration*
(Im)properly direct(ed) coordinated, (in)harmonious motor programming
Inability of the segment to articulate about its new axis
Incomplete luxation
Incomprehensible pattern of symptoms and clinical findings when compared to with examination of mechanical lesions in the extremities
Instability of the posterior ligament complex
Interdiscal block
Internal joint derangement
Internal vertebral syndrome
Intersegmental instability
Intersegmental subluxation
Intervertebral blocking
Intervertebral disrelationship
Intervertebral dysfunction of the mobile segment
Intervertebral joint subluxation
Intervertebral obturations
Intervertebral subluxation
Joint bind
Joint disturbances
Joint dysfunction
Joint immobilization
Joint "instability"
Joint movement restriction
"Just short of a dislocation"
Kinetic intersegmental subluxation
Kinetic subluxation
Less than a locked dislocation
Localised/referred pain
Locked subluxation
Locks up and restricts motion
Lose their normal motion or position
Loss of elasticity
Loss of joint movement
Loss of juxtaposition
Loss of segmental mobility
Low back dysfunction
Maladjustment (of a vertebra)
Malposed vertebra
Mechanical interferences
Mechanical malfunctioning
Mechanically infringe
Manipulatable joint lesion
Manipulatable lesion (adjustable subluxation!)
Mechanical derangement
Mechanical disorder
Mechanical dysfunction
Mechanical instability
Mechanical irritation of the sympathetic ganglionic chain
Mechanical musculoskeletal dysfunction
Mechanico-neural interaction
Metameric dysfunction
Mild pubic diastasis
Minor derangement
Misalignment of the fibrocartilaginous joint
Motor unit derangement complex
Motion restriction
Movement restriction
Multisegmental spinal distortion
Musculoskeletal dysfunction
Nervous system impairment by the spine
Neuro-articular dysfunction*
Neuro-articular subluxation*
Neuro-articular syndrome*
Neurological dysfunction
Neurofunctional subluxation*
Neuro-mechanical lesion*
Neuromuscular unit
Neuromuscular dysfacilitation
Neuromuscular dysfunction
Neurospinal condition
Neurospinal distortions
Neurostasis (Wilson)
Occult subluxation
Osteological lesion
Osteopathic lesion
Osteopathic spinal lesion
Osteopathic spinal joint lesion
Pain and debility without recognisable pathology
Painful intervertebral dysfunction ("PID")
Painful minor intervertebral dysfunction ("PMID")
Palpable changes
Paravertebral subluxation
Partial dislocation
Partial or incomplete separation
Partial fixation
Partial luxation
Pathogenic interaction of spine and nervous system
Pathophysiological mechanics
Pathologically altered bradytrophic tissue
Pathologically altered dynamic segment
Perverted function
Physiologic displacement
Physiologic lock the motion segment
Positional dyskineria
Posterior facet dysfunction
Posterior joint dysfunction ("PJD" -- see "three-joint complex"!)
Posterior joint syndrome
Post-traumatic dysautonomic
Primary dysfunction
Primary fibromyalgic syndrome
Putative segmental instantaneous axis of rotation
Reflex dysfunction
Reduced mobility
Regional dysfunction
"Relative as absolute lack of space within the intervertebral foramen"
Residual displacement
Restricted motion
Restriction of unisegmental mobility
Reversible with adjustment/manipulation
Sagittal translation (Conley)
Sectional subluxation
Segmental dysfunction
Segmental instability
Segmental movement restriction
Segmental vertebral hypomobility
Simple joint and muscle dysfunction without tissue damage
Shear strain distribution
Slight luxation
Slightly luxated
Slightly misaligned vertebra
Soft tissue ankylosis
Somatic dysfunction
Spinal dysfunction
Spinal fixation
Spinal hypomobilities
Spinal irritation
Spinal joint blocking
Spinal joint complex
Spinal joint dysfunction
Spinal joint malfunction
Spinal kinesiology
Spinal lesion
Spinal mechanical dysfunction
Spinal pathophysiology
Spinal segmental facilitation
Spinal segmental instability
Spinal subluxation
Spine restriction
Spino-neural conflict
Spinostasis (Wilson)
Spondylodysarthric lesions
Stable cervical injury of the spine (see also "instability" above)
Static intersegmental subluxation
Static subluxation
Strain distribution
Structural abnormalities
Structural derangement
Structural disrelationship
Structural intersegmental distortion
Structural lesions
Subtle instability
Subluxation complex
Subluxation complex myopathy
Subluxation syndrome
Three joint complex
Tilting of the vertebral body
Tightened, deep, joint related structures
Total fixation
Unresolved mechanical tension or torsion
Unstable lumbar spine
Unstable subluxation
Vertebragenous syndromes
Vertebral derangement
Vertebral displacement
Vertebral dysfunction
Vertebral dyskinesia
Vertebral factor
Vertebral genesis
Vertebral induction
Vertebral lesion*
Vertebral pathology
Vertebral subluxation
Vertebral subluxation complex
Vertebral subluxation syndrome
Vertebrally diseased
Vertebroligamentous sprain strain
Vertebron (see also "arthron")
Wedged disc
Zygopophyseal pathophysiology

42 Terms for a Sacroiliac Subluxation

Abnormal pelvis biomechanics
Altered sacroiliac mechanics
Changed motor pattern (in muscles)
Change in relation
Disturbed normal relationship
Distorting the normal mechanics
Downslips (see also "upslips")
Dysarthric syndrome
" ... effect on body mechanics"
Instability of the pelvic joints
" ... irritation of the nerves is possible ... "
Joint binding
Joint dysfunction
Joint lesion
Joint motion restriction
Joint slip
Joint syndrome
Limitation of motion
Mechanical dysfunction
Motions are restricted
Partial luxation
Primary dysfunction
Rotatory slips
Shear dysfunction
Shear mechanism
Slight luxation
Slipping sacroiliac joints
" ... stick at the limit of normal motion ..."
Strain and laxity
Tilts (anterior, posterior)
Upslips (see also "downslips")
Vertical slipping of the innominate on the sacrum


59 Synonyms or Metaphors for the "Spinal Adjustment"

Arthral alignment
Atlas therapy
Biokinetic remediation
Bone setting
Chiropractic manipulation
Chiropractic manipulative therapy
Corrective spinal care
Diversified-type force application to release the segment at its articulation
Facet adjusting
Flexion distraction manipulation
Functional restoration
Gentle adjusting
Gently relieve the locked subluxation
High velocity facet adjusting
Human readjustments
Joint manipulation
Low force/amplitude manipulation
Manipulative surgery
Manipulative therapy
Manual adjustment
Manual cavitation
Manual medicine
Manual reflex neurotherapy
Manual therapy
Manual treatment
Mechanical treatment of the nerve centres.
Neuro-mechanical spinal chiropractic management
Neuromechanical correction*
Orthopedic orthokinetics
Osteopathic manipulative therapy
Osteopathic osteological adjustment
Physical medicine
Reconstructive measure
Reduction of dislocation
Release of intraarticular pressure
Restoration of mobility
Slipped into place
Specific mobilization
Spinal adjustment
Spinal manipulative therapy
Spinal manual therapy
"Springing the spine"
Vertebral adjustment*
Vertebral medicine

* Unreferenced


Rome PL. Usage of chiropractic terminology in the literature -- 296 ways to say "subluxation." Chiropractic Technique 1996;8:1-12.

P.L. Rome, DC
Mount Waverley, Victoria, Australia

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